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Dr. Santosh Yadav (M.D.)
Consultant Homeopath
Diseases & Treatment
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» Respiratory Diseases Upper    Respiratory Diseases
• Sinusitis • Rhinitis • Nasal Polyps • Enlarged Adenoids
» Lower Respiratory Diseases
• Asthma • Bronchitis
» Joints and Muscles Diseases
• Rheumatoid Arthritis • Arthritis
» Spondylitis
• Cervical Spondylitis • Lumbar Spondylitis • Ankylosing Spondylitis • Backache • Sciatica • Frozen shoulder • Gout • Osteoarthritis of Knees   (OA) / Degenerative Joint   Disease (DJD) /   Osteoarthrosis • Pain in heels / calcaneus   spur • Ganglion • Osteoporosis / Osteopenia
» Gastro Intestinal Diseases
• Hyperacidity or Heartburn   or Acid Dyspepsia • Constipation • Piles • Anal Fistula (Fistula-in-ano,   Anorectal Fistula) • Anal Fissure • Peptic ulcers • Irritable Bowel Syndrome • Gall Stone • Jaundice • HepatitisB • Fatty Liver • Ulcerative Colitis
» Renal Diseases
• Kidney Stone • Nephrotic Syndrome • Urinary Tract Infections   (UTI)• Prostate Enlargement
» Endricology Diseases
• Hypothyroidism • Hyperthyroidism• Diabetes mellitus• Goitre• Dwarfism
» Desease Of Brain
• Migraine or Paroxysmal   Headache • Cerebral Palsy• Epilepsy• Paralysis• Vertigo• Parkinsonism
» Diseases Of Heart
• Rheumatic Heart Disease • Hypertension• High Cholesterol Level
» Others
• Chronic Fatigue Syndrome   (CFS) • Chronic Anaemia• Gonorrhoea & Syphillis• AIDS• Obesity (Fatness)• Varicose Veins or   Varicosities or Ulcer• Neurofibroma or   Neurofibromatosis (NF) or   Von Recklinghausen's   Disease
Mentaly Disorder
Male Disorder
Osteoporosis / Osteopenia
Osteoporosis means “porous bones”. It is a condition that causes formerly strong bones to gradually thin and weaken, leaving them susceptible to fracture.In osteoporosis / osteopenia the bone mineral density (BMD) is reduced, bone
micro architecture is disrupted, and the amount and variety of proteins in bone is altered.

In United States of America about 1.3 million fractures are attributed to osteoporosis / osteopenia. It is estimated that 24 million Americans are afflicted with osteoporosis / osteopenia, of which 80% are women.

Females are more susceptible to develop osteoporosis / osteopenia because their bones are lighter and thinner and because their bodies experience hormonal changes after menopause that accelerates the loss of bone mass. In man the osteoporosis / osteopenia is uncommon until after the age of 70.
Causes of Osteoporosis / Osteopenia
The various causes of osteoporosis / osteopenia are :
Hormonal causes : Thirty three percent of women over 50 will experience an osteoporotic bone fractures. This is the average age in which women go through menopause and begin to experience hormonal imbalance.
Estrogen levels in post menopausal women are about one-tenth the amount present in pre menopausal women. For this precise reason, women approaching menopause and those who have already gone through it are at a much higher risk of developing osteoporosis / osteopenia and suffering from bone fractures as a result.

Without adequate levels of estrogen, bones aren't able to absorb the proper amounts of calcium to replenish bone mass as cells slough off and die. Another part of estrogen's role in bone reformation involves maintaining normal levels of vitamin D, an important nutrient in bone protection. As estrogen levels decrease, levels of vitamin D follow suit, and bone strength suffers.

Diseases : Many diseases can hamper the growth of new bone material. Some of these diseases are hyperthyroidism, disorders of the adrenal glands (Cushing's syndrome, for instance), disorders of the pituitary gland, diabetes, and eating disorders.

Medications : Some medications can reduce bones' ability to rebuild themselves. Some of the medications that can cause osteoporosis / osteopenia are glucocorticoid medications, prednisolone, excess thyroid hormone replacement, the blood thinner heparin, and certain anti convulsant medications.Insufficient bone growth as a youth : Bones that didn't get enough calcium early in life have a higher likelihood of becoming osteoporotic and fracturing as estrogen levels begin to decrease.

Genetic factors : If a woman's family members, especially her mother, have suffered from osteoporosis / osteopenia, the likelihood that she will develop the disease jumps dramatically. Genetics also helps determine the body type of a woman. If she inherited a small, thin body type, she is predisposed to osteoporosis / osteopenia.
Risk Factors for Osteoporosis / Osteopenia
Several risk factors increase your chances of developing osteoporosis / osteopenia or having a fracture :

a thin, small boned frame
previous fracture or family history of osteoporotic fracture
estrogen deficiency, resulting from early menopause (before age 45), either naturally, from surgical removal of the ovaries, or as a result of prolonged amenorrhea (abnormal absence of menstruation) in younger women
advanced age
diet low in calcium
caucasian or asian ancestry (african, americans and hispanics are at lower but significant risk)
excessive use of alcohol
prolonged use of certain medications
Signs & Symptoms of Osteoporosis / Osteopenia
Osteoporosis / osteopenia causes bones to weaken and become brittle.

The main effect of weakening of bones is bone fractures. These bone fractures can occur from fairly mild falls.

The most commonly fractured bones are the bones in the wrists, hip, pelvis, ribs and spine. These fractures can be debilitating as they can affect mobility and cause ongoing or chronic pain.

Signs and symptoms of fractures caused by osteoporosis / osteopenia are :
Dowager's hump or a 'hump back' (forward bending in the spine)
loss of height
chronic back pain

Diagnosis of Osteoporosis / Osteopenia
An examination to diagnose osteoporosis / osteopenia can involve several steps that predict your chances of future fracture, diagnose osteoporosis / osteopenia, or both. It might include :

An initial physical exam
Various x-rays that detect skeletal problems
Laboratory tests that reveal important information about the metabolic process of bone breakdown and formation
A bone density test to detect low bone density.

Diet & Home Care in Osteoporosis / Osteopenia
Increase calcium intake : Increase your dietary intake of calcium. Calcium is found in dairy products–milk, cheese, yoghurt and so on. At least two glasses of milk are recommended for women undergoing or heading for menopause.
Exercise : Adequate exercise is a must for menopausal and post menopausal women, as it reduces the rate of loss of calcium. Women who exercise less generally develop more osteoporosis / osteopenia.
Soya foods :Soya foods have been found to contain natural phyto-estrogens that are very helpful in menopausal and post menopausal women. The potential health benefits are the reduction of hot flushes and vaginal dryness, protection against coronary heart disease, osteoporosis / osteopenia and cancer.

Homeopathic Treatment of Osteoporosis / Osteopenia
In the conventional / allopathic treatment of osteoporosis or osteopenia the doctors recommend hormone replacement therapy (HRT) to slow down its progress. Either estrogen alone or a combination of estrogen and progesterone is given. Calcitonin, a naturally occurring hormone that inhibits bone loss, is also prescribed by the allopaths.

Hormone replacement therapy helps a little to a suffering woman and if discontinued, bones begin to thin again. Hormone replacement therapy is associated with an increased risk of developing breast and uterine cancers. Calcitonon is very expensive and is associated with side effects like nausea, skin rashes and so on.

Two large studies have since demonstrated the dangers of HRT and led to significant changes in the way it is prescribed. A major US research project involving over 16,000 women looked at the effects of the most commonly used form of HRT – pills known as ‘combined HRT’. In 2002, this trial had to be stopped early because of the health risks to the women involved. The researchers concluded that although this form of HRT gives protection against osteoporosis / osteopenia and bowel cancer, these benefits are outweighed by an increased risk of breast and uterine cancer, heart attack and stroke.

In 2005, results of the NHS-led ‘Million Women Study’ confirmed the link between breast cancer and combined HRT, with researchers estimating that 20,000 cases of breast cancer over the last decade have been due to HRT use. It was also found that estrogen-only HRT carries a significant risk of endometrial cancer.

The government’s medicines watchdog (MHRA) now advises that when HRT is prescribed ‘the minimum effective dose should be used for the shortest duration’ and that ‘because of the associated risks,’ HRT should no longer be used routinely for preventing osteoporosis / osteopenia in women over the age of 50.

With HRT or hormonal replacement therapy the body becomes dependant on the hormones for the life time as the glands that secrete the hormones become sluggish as the work done by them is being done from outside (hormonal pills) and gradually they stop working completely and the patient cannot live without the hormonal pills.

Research has shown that lifelong use of these hormones helps to maintain bone strength, though it does not restore bone loss that has already occurred. Also, once a woman stops taking these drugs, calcium excretion is significantly increased.

Also in conventional or allopathy treatment calcium supplements are given which may cause deposition of calcium at undesirable places causing kidney stones or calculi, gall stones and so on. In addition excess of artificial calcium in the body can cause muscle fatigue.

As the controversy regarding the use of hormone for treating menopause deepens, the need for a completely harmless treatment becomes stronger than ever, and a notable shift is now seen with more and more people opting for safer systems of medicine like homeopathy.

Homeopaths treat the osteoporosis / osteopenia by constitutional treatment. This is the process by which a homeopathic doctor selects and administers a woman's own constitutional remedy based on the totality of her symptoms and her physical, mental and emotional state. This strengthens the body’s vital defenses and restores a healthy balance and sense of wellbeing.

Living with pains and an increased tendency to fractures, and other symptoms of menopause like mood swings, hot flushes, loss of libido significantly reduces the quality of life of a woman. Homeopathy is a boon for such females.

If the homeopathic treatment is started in the initial stages the prognosis is good and in most cases, the condition can be reversed. At later stages of the disease homeopathic medicines may not be able to reverse the situation but can still help in easing many symptoms.

In a study carried out at an NHS Well-Woman clinic in Sheffield, 81 percent of 102 patients reported improvement of menopause symptoms after homeopathic treatment.
How Homeopathy Helps in Osteoporosis / Osteopenia
Homeopathic remedies for osteoporosis / osteopenia helps the body absorb calcium and strengthen the bones to prevent osteoporosis / osteopenia.

Homeopathic remedies bring the body into better balance and help its minerals and nutrients be used efficiently.

Homeopathic medicines are also helpful for aching bones and prevention or healing of fractures. So homeopathy helps improving the quality of life after menopause.

There are many homoeopathy medicines which give great relief in osteoporosis / osteopenia. However, the correct choice and the resulting relief is a matter of experience and right judgment on the part of the homeopathy doctor. The treatment is decided after thorough case taking of the patient. Thus homeopathic remedies of osteoporois / osteopenia are designer made unlike allopathy in which all patients receive the same surgery or drugs although trade name may be different.
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