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Dr. Santosh Yadav (M.D.)
Consultant Homeopath
Diseases & Treatment
Skin Diseases
Children Diseases
Gynaecological Disease
Physically Diseases
» Respiratory Diseases Upper    Respiratory Diseases
• Sinusitis • Rhinitis • Nasal Polyps • Enlarged Adenoids
» Lower Respiratory Diseases
• Asthma • Bronchitis
» Joints and Muscles Diseases
• Rheumatoid Arthritis • Arthritis
» Spondylitis
• Cervical Spondylitis • Lumbar Spondylitis • Ankylosing Spondylitis • Backache • Sciatica • Frozen shoulder • Gout • Osteoarthritis of Knees   (OA) / Degenerative Joint   Disease (DJD) /   Osteoarthrosis • Pain in heels / calcaneus   spur • Ganglion • Osteoporosis / Osteopenia
» Gastro Intestinal Diseases
• Hyperacidity or Heartburn   or Acid Dyspepsia • Constipation • Piles • Anal Fistula (Fistula-in-ano,   Anorectal Fistula) • Anal Fissure • Peptic ulcers • Irritable Bowel Syndrome • Gall Stone • Jaundice • HepatitisB • Fatty Liver • Ulcerative Colitis
» Renal Diseases
• Kidney Stone • Nephrotic Syndrome • Urinary Tract Infections   (UTI)• Prostate Enlargement
» Endricology Diseases
• Hypothyroidism • Hyperthyroidism• Diabetes mellitus• Goitre• Dwarfism
» Desease Of Brain
• Migraine or Paroxysmal   Headache • Cerebral Palsy• Epilepsy• Paralysis• Vertigo• Parkinsonism
» Diseases Of Heart
• Rheumatic Heart Disease • Hypertension• High Cholesterol Level
» Others
• Chronic Fatigue Syndrome   (CFS) • Chronic Anaemia• Gonorrhoea & Syphillis• AIDS• Obesity (Fatness)• Varicose Veins or   Varicosities or Ulcer• Neurofibroma or   Neurofibromatosis (NF) or   Von Recklinghausen's   Disease
Mentaly Disorder
Male Disorder
Hepatitis B is a viral infection caused by the Hepatitis B virus (HBV). This virus is capable of causing life-long infection, liver cirrhosis (scaring), liver failure, liver cancer and death.
As mentioned above the cause of Hepatitis B is the virus- HBV. The virus spreads when blood from an infected person enters the body of a non-infected person. This virus enters the blood stream and reaches the liver where it reproduces
and releases large numbers of new viruses into the bloodstream. HBV can survive outside the body for at least 7 days and can still be capable of causing infection.

HBV is mainly found in the blood of infected individuals. Saliva, semen, vaginal secretions and breast milk also contain the virus but in lower concentrations as compared to the blood. Feces, nasal secretions, sputum, sweat, tears, urine and vomit have not been implicated in the spread of Hepatitis B. Unless they are visibly contaminated with blood, the risk of contracting hepatitis B from these fluids is practically nonexistent. Hepatitis B is not transmitted by casual contact, hugging, by sharing eating utensils, through food or water, etc.

After a person has been exposed to the HBV, the blood test (HBsAg) will become positive on an average within 4 weeks (range 1- 9 weeks). Usually within 15 weeks of onset of the symptoms, this test becomes negative in most individuals (except those who have developed chronic infection).
Risk factors for developing Hepatitis B:
Sexual contact with an infected individual
Sexual contact with multiple partners
Male homosexual contact
Intravenous drug abuse (due to sharing of infected needles)
Health care workers (due to close contact with infected individuals)
Occupational blood exposure
Sharing toothbrushes, razors, etc
From an infected mother to new-born infant
Chronic renal failure patients on Dialysis
Tattooing, piercing of skin (ears, lips, navel, etc)
Dental procedure
Medical procedures (including transfusion of blood or blood products)
Staying with a chronic Hepatitis B patient
Traveling to countries which have a high prevalence of Hepatitis B
It must be noted that people of any age, sex, race or nationality can be infected by this virus.
Sometimes a person with HBV infection may not have any symptoms at all. In patients who do develop symptoms, they occur on an average of about 12 weeks (range 9-21 weeks) after exposure to hepatitis B virus. About 70% of the patients develop symptoms of Hepatitis B. The symptoms include:
Jaundice: Yellowness of skin and/or sclera (white portion of the eyes)
Loss of appetite
Abdominal discomfort
Nausea with or without vomiting
Dark yellow urine
Clay colored stools
Lethargy, fatigue
Body ache, joint pain, etc
About Chronic Hepatitis B infection:
Chronic Hepatitis B means that the body did not get rid of the virus when the patient was first infected with HBV thus leading to long-term HBV infection. The younger the age group at the time of first infection with this virus, the higher is the chance of developing chronic HBV infection. Thus almost 90% of infected infants, about 30% of infected children between 1-5 years of age and only 2- 6% of infected people above 5 years of age will develop chronic infection.

Carriers of Hepatitis B are those individuals who are capable of transmitting the virus to other individuals. Majority of hepatitis B carriers are asymptomatic (displaying no symptoms) whereas only 30% of them show symptoms of the disease
Following are some of the common tests used to diagnose Hepatitis B infection:

Hepatitis B Surface Antigen (HBsAg): It can be detected in high levels in serum during acute or chronic hepatitis. The presence of HBsAg indicates that the person is infectious.

Hepatitis B Surface Antibody (anti-HBs): The body normally produces antibodies to HBsAg as a part of the normal immune response to infection. The presence of anti-HBs is generally interpreted as indicating recovery and immunity from HBV infection. Anti-HBs also develops in a person who has been successfully vaccinated against hepatitis B.

Hepatitis B e Antigen (HBeAg): This is found in the serum during acute and chronic hepatitis B. The presence of Hepatitis B envelope antigen (HBeAg) indicates that the virus is replicating and the infected individual has high levels of HBV.

Hepatitis B e Antibody (anti-HBe): This is produced by the immune system temporarily during acute HBV infection.

Hepatitis B core antibody (anti-HBc): This is an antibody to the hepatitis B core antigen. The core antigen is found on virus particles but disappears early in the course of infection. This antibody is produced during and after an acute HBV infection and is usually found in chronic HBV carriers as well as those who have cleared the virus, and usually persists for life.
Hepatitis B tests interpretation
HBsAg Negative Susceptible to Hepatitis B infection
anti-HBc Negative
anti-HBs Negative
HBsAg Negative Immune due to natural infection
anti-HBc Positive
anti-HBs Positive
HBsAg Negative Immune due to Hepatitis B vaccination
anti-HBc Negative
anti-HBs Positive
HBsAg Positive Acutely infected
anti-HBc Positive
IgM anti-HBc Positive
anti-HBs Negative
HBsAg Positive Chronically infected
anti-HBc Positive
IgM anti-HBc Negative
anti-HBs Negative
HBsAg Negative * 4 Interpretations possible
anti-HBc Positive
anti-HBs Negative
1) Patient might be recovering from acute HBV infection
2) Patient might be immune and the test may not be sensitive enough to detect very low level of anti-HBs in serum
3) Patient might be susceptible and may be having a false positive anti-HBc
4) Patient may be actually chronically infected and may be having undetectable levels of HBsAg in the serum

Complications of Hepatitis B: These include the following:
Chronic hepatitis
Liver failure
Hepatocellular carcinoma
Homeopathic Treatment:
Homeopathy is known to work to the immunological level, and has proven its efficacy in the treatment of a wide range of viral infections. With homeopathic medicines, the cases of Hepatitis B are better controlled, the process of cirrhosis is well kept under check and symptomatic relief is also obtained very well. Homeopathic treatment can also help in delaying the complications of Hepatitis B (such as cirrhosis and liver cancer) as far as possible. It may also be noted that the treatment for chronic Hepatitis B has to be planned for a longer duration of time. The best part of homeopathic treatment is that the disease is kept under control and general health improved without any kind of side-effects whatsoever.
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